Midwifery for All Series

“Midwifery for All is for you—education, support, and exploration of the options for your care.  You can use it to start discussions with your physician or midwife about the kind of care you would like to receive.”


Midwifery for All is intended to highlight some of the areas where fear has built up a tradition of practice that might not be in line with either good science or your needs.  We understand that the greatest risk many face in their pregnancy care is the perspective and bias of providers and the healthcare system.  We are missing out on options for preventative health care simply because of preconceived notions and societal and systemic stigmas about the health of pregnant people.

Read: Size Friendly Pregnancy Care

This causes devastating effects across multiple outcomes–leading to extraordinary emotional and financial costs for families and decimating the healthcare system.  While providers and systems are responsible for the tangled mess we are all in, it is the consumer–people just like you–who can create change by changing our expectations and demands for education-based, preventative healthcare.

We are managing to save a lot of people from the brink of severe conditions during pregnancy.  But it is not enough to save someone from dying. That is a terrible standard of care when so many pregnant people have clear signs and symptoms of needing help long before they need a life saving rescue.

We believe we can prevent almost all of these conditions from progressing to disease through kind attention, education-based care, and skilled and thoughtful provider behavior. You deserve to live in good health, strength, and with all of the energy you need to do what you would like to do each day.

Midwives have the time, space, and skills to address underlying health needs over the course of your pregnancy and life.  In our practice we focus on predictable, preventable, and reversible conditions that start off with just a hint of something not quite right (you know the feeling!) and progress all the way into a diagnosed disease. Our goal is to pay attention to the first hint, your signs and symptoms, and to respond in partnership with you to quickly turn a corner into good health. We don’t wait for pregnancy to start this work–if you are considering your first or subsequent pregnancy, or might want to have a family one day–we can help get you prepared through this same program.

Through this series we dig deep into the issues that so many of us are afraid of when it comes to pregnancy: race, size-friendly care, stress, poverty, preterm births, prior cesarean births, smoking, HIV, and many more.  Check back often as we upload booklets, we will live-link them here.

Midwifery for All is for you—education, support, and exploration of the options for your care.  You can use it to start discussions with your physician or midwife about the kind of care you would like to receive.  It is a tool for pregnancy and birth decision making, and we would love to hear which booklets you enjoyed, what questions you have, and how you are moving forward in your care.

Wishing you the best for healthful and joyful pregnancy, birth, and parenting!

Do you have a topic you would like to see addressed?  Contact Us and let us know!

Size Friendly Pregnancy Care

“The typical experience for people of size with healthcare delivers guilt, shame, and fear as front-line medicine instead of kindness, support, and education.”

Click Here to to Download a PDF of Size Friendly Pregnancy Care.

Scroll down to see the preview.

Our Midwifery for All Series aims to close the gap between what is known by science and what is understood by healthcare professionals, pregnant people, families, and communities.

Click HERE for an introduction to the philosophy of our care and learn why Midwifery for All matters so very much.  Click Here for our favorite resources

Do you have a topic you would like to see addressed?  Contact Us and let us know!

Click Here to to Download a PDF of Size Friendly Pregnancy Care.

Read:  Midwifery for All Series

Read: Midwifery Philosophy 101



A Layered Question: Midwifery Philosophy 101

“How do we address public health outcomes while caring for one family at a time as if all public health depends on only their outcome?”

Let’s take a look at this multifaceted question:

How does a person navigate the stormy waters of pregnancy healthcare if you are anything other than a 5’7 140lb white, married (to a man) woman who identifies as such, hovering in the middle to upper class?

As you can see we are dealing with multiple layers of the human experience and their effects on pregnancy healthcare: your health before pregnancy even starts, BMI/Obesity, race, sexual and partnership identification, lifestyle choices, and economic status. I hope to address these topics from my midwife-minded perspective in the coming posts, starting here with our general approach and philosophy regarding pregnancy healthcare.

For my friends in the north: I am going to stretch this a little further and choose to add the extraordinary complication of living in the South to this discussion. I did not know, and could not understand, as a northern midwife, that my southern counterparts and the families they serve face challenges far far far (did I say far?!) beyond what we do in the North. I knew of course that things were different but I didn’t really understand.

I have tried 85 times to write about what it’s like to live in a place where faith-based healthcare makes room for providers to decline to mention during prenatal care the option for genetic screening (taking this as one example of dozens). They do not inform patients of these options because their faith (read: the PROVIDER’s faith, not the FAMILY’s faith) does not allow consideration of options that include the termination of a pregnancy under any circumstance. So there is no option for screening given. Not even when a pregnancy poses danger to a woman’s or pregnant person’s life. Not even when that baby will live less than an hour and in terrible agony. Not even when a family would choose to live life with an intensely high medical needs child, or one affected by a genetic anomaly, but wants the opportunity to prepare their home, family, work, and resources to meet their needs. Not even when the mental health of the mother or pregnant person is in jeopardy.

I’ve read charts here with “nuchal translucency” (a screen completed prior to the 14th week) noted at 22 weeks. There’s no such thing!  But this deception is allowed and encouraged….and this is only the tip of the iceberg. Want a tubal ligation but your husband isn’t present to consent?  You may have difficulty accessing this surgical form of family planning in the south. Of important note is that there are providers in these systems who do not practice this way but the system supports those who do. There are four major healthcare systems in this city—three of those with multiple hospitals that support providers who practice faith-based medicine according to the model that the physician’s faith determines your healthcare options.

If you are a person of faith, this might sound nice on the surface, but I would put forth that it is our religious leaders who should help us navigate the decisions we are faced with in our lives. They have training and education that enables counseling and support for our spirituality.  They help us stay aligned with our religious values and belief systems in all areas, including our medical decision-making. Our physicians and providers should offer us healthcare options, discussions, consent, and treatment based on shared-decision making. We are responsible for ensuring we integrate our religious, social, and cultural outlook into our healthcare by engaging all of the systems and people that matter to us in that process. At the same time, many systems are designed to ensure that culturally relevant care is nearly impossible to acheive and it should not be the burden of the consumer to correct this but the burden of each provider, administrator, and system to make it right .

The care options that are here are not healthcare as we know it in the North. For all of you, I know, this post so far will seem frankly unbelievable and unrelatable. The posts linked to below about health and lifestyle choices will seem dated and broad. You are working on terminology, micro-aggressions, systemic racism, and deep systems issues. We are working on basic access and consent issues very much related to the ethics behind Informed Consent and the Nuremberg Code couched in overt racism packed in systemic racism, micro-aggressions, and deep systems issues.

Conversations about lifestyle, access, and health disparities are coming into the light in many corners here. Questions are being asked:  Why is it like this?  Does it have to be like this?  What it would look like if healthcare wasn’t like this?  The midwives here have been advocating and caring for families in all the ways possible—faith based and non-faith based. And even with the two of us new to practice here, there are five of us in or adjacent to the city I’m living in now. Five who are practicing in community-based settings. Five who can create protocols and follow guidelines appropriate to the profession and their community.

We need space for conversation and inquiry here, we need routes for education and change. The South is not some backwards “other”—I am not at all trying to say that the South “needs saving”. I am new here, but I’m right here where this community is at: listening, participating, wondering. Pregnancy, birth, breastfeeding, parenting, general health. These communities are rising up and looking for solutions to the very real barriers they face. I recognize that process. It has a familiar rhythm, grit, and complexity. There is tension, anger, frustration, desperation, and there are large gaps between what is known and what is understood.

For our practice it boils down to this: How do we address public health outcomes while caring for one family at a time as if all public health depends on only their outcome?

I have answered that question many times in posts and articles and interviews.  I stand by my answer.  We must be kind and use our skills to meet people where they are at.  The rest will follow. I am committed to this model of care which leaves room for so much possibility.

I have the great privilege of holding a license to practice midwifery and of being supported by a local, long-standing clinic and non-profit organization that constantly looks to be a partner in community solutions. I have my clinical experience, my willingness to learn and to meet people right where they are at. I have the fundamental belief that kindness matters and that none of us has anything that matters until all of us have access to reach our potential. This awareness and mindset allow me the opportunity to be a part of families’ lives in the very ways midwives have since the earliest days of society.  In the very ways midwives all over the south and indeed the world are a part of healthcare systems, families, and community health.

I have the unique benefit of working with a practice partner who is fierce about identifying solutions and solving problems. She is brilliant, experienced, kind, and unafraid of stepping in to dismantle the hardships families face. We are not looking at pregnancy as an isolated, siloed experience. It exists in the layers and complexities of the lives of the people and families we serve. We are working on a number of projects right now centered around how we acknowledge and prevent non-pregnancy related medical and socially generated pathologies from determining pregnancy outcomes. My practice partner states over and over again that these problems require providers to change their understanding and behaviors,  and stop promoting the false idea that “these women” and “those families” just don’t want good health badly enough.

We believe the barriers that have separated “Self” from “Other” need to fall—we are all of us people just trying our best to give our all and find love, connection, and health in our lives.  We are unique individuals with complex cultures but we share so very much. What if as providers we use our licenses to open up this conversation and create new paths to robust health for all families?  That is the work we are engaged in here in the South. And each micro-community has to find its way in the larger social construct. We want to pull apart the loaded, layered question and answer simply, “yes, I believe in you, your interest and capacity for learning is vast, and together we can find solutions that meet your needs in the right way at the right time for you.”  There is nothing to stop us from applying this philosophy of care to pregnant people of all races, sizes, orientations, cultural backgrounds, and socioeconomic truths.

Next Up:

Midwifery for All Series

Size Friendly Care


Dysglycemia in Pregnancy

Scroll down or click here for the slide show and link to the pdf.

Many women come into pregnancy primed for Gestational Diabetes.  This is a disease process which exists on a continuum and with support, guidance, and effort, pregnancy  can be a leverage into optimal health.  This is a very exciting option compared to the standard expectation that one will move from at-risk all the way into a full blown disease which requires multiple finger pokes a day, medication to control, and affects nearly every organ system in both mom and baby as well as their long term health outcomes.  Additionally, nutrition and exercise interventions during pregnancy reduce the likelihood of cesarean section (and you know how I feel about avoiding the primary cesarean and VBACs).

Do not be fooled by common recommendations which allow for a great deal of carbs per meal.  The single most important dietary intervention is the elimination of sugars and carbs with the exception of fresh fruit which is loaded in fiber that provides benefits which far exceed the effects of fructose.  Choose low glycemic load fruits. Increase levels of lean protein and low glycemic load vegetables for filling alternatives to sugars.  Look for glycemic load which represents glucose in a normal serving (the index represents portions much greater than one person can eat). Expect the first 3 days to be the hardest as you teach your body that it can get energy from sources other than sugar-heavy foods.  Cravings will be very strong but can be helped by keeping nourished throughout the day.

During pregnancy it is especially important to provide families with support for these changes until they can take them on as their own.  Failure due to “non-compliance” is usually blamed on the patient but is actually the failure of the provider to work on education and support that is meaningful to the individual and their family in a personalized way.  It is a huge investment of time with dividends in multitudes:  short and long term health for the pregnancy, mother, baby, and family.  If the provider cannot spend the kind of time needed, and does not have a health coach on staff who can–switch providers.

For those diagnosed already with Gestational Diabetes, take a look at lifestyle changes which have been shown to improve outcomes even over medication.  Work with your midwife or doctor to increase lifestyle changes and decrease medication.  If you are at the end of your pregnancy or a new parent–it’s not too late to start.  Breastfeeding longer than six months can also help regulate your insulin resistance and improve outcomes for you.

Click Here to download the PDF of this infographic.  Please submit your questions, comments or ideas for additional content.


This slideshow requires JavaScript.


The Blog

You’ve reached the blog of Jodilyn Owen, Licensed Midwife and Certified Professional Midwife.

Planning or considering a homebirth?  Get the book today!

You can learn all about midwifery care, professional topics, and options that come up during pregnancy and birth here.  Enjoy and be sure to send me your questions or comments or contact me if you’d like to talk further.


GBS Prevention

Read the long article

See the Infographics up-close

This post examines the role of preventative health care in the inhibition of Group B Streptococcus (GBS) infection.  It uses the term “mother” for simplicity’s sake although babies have all kinds of parents who identify in all kinds of ways and all are welcome here.

Let’s break down the long article:

Infections resulting from GBS  can be life-threatening to a newborn.  All pregnant moms are offered a test which detects this bacteria around 36 weeks of pregnancy.  If found, it can be treated through the use of IV antibiotics during labor, which significantly reduces the rate of infection and resulting meningitis and/or sepsis in newborns. While this article does not focus on the treatment of women who test positive, it does promote prevention, which improves the overall health of both mom and baby through the use of probiotics taken orally throughout the pregnancy.  These come in tiny capsules or a liquid packed with powerful lactobaccili (among other gut-friendly bacterium) that usually cost between five and twenty dollars per bottle or package).  It’s a small price to pay for so many amazing benefits.  As a midwife, I often pay for them for clients because of the massive health benefits of these supplements to every mom and baby, including avoiding a host of obstetric complications that would increase risks to mom and baby and often require transfers out of my care.  Great midwifery promotes the intrinsic health of mother and baby through programs like this which lend greatly to positive birth outcomes.

Let’s explore just some of the many benefits:

The Mother

Take a look at what the microbiota is if you aren’t already familiar with it.  The use of probiotics promotes this system that does a bit of everything good in the body including prevent the over-colonization of “bad” bacteria like GBS.  It also happens to prevent diabetes and keep your mood even.  It exists in the mouth, gut, and vagina of the mom and the placenta (and some studies found evidence in the fetal gut as well).

Over the course of pregnancy, the levels of good bacteria in the microbiota change.  By the time you give birth, you have an over-growth of lactobacilli which ensures that your baby will get exposure to this important “good” bacteria during vaginal birth.  When the system is supported right it will also prevent yeast infections, and keep the bacteria that cause UTIs and GBS in check.

The Baby

Impaired levels of probiotics have been correlated to preterm birth.   They are correlated because “bad” bacteria like GBS and candida (yeast) cause cellular damage to the cervix.  It loses its integrity and is not able to hold in the pregnancy as long as it should.  There are dramatic consequences for being born too early—the March of Dimes was founded because of babies born too early or too small.

When mothers take probiotics, they are found in the placenta and fetal gut and stay with the baby after birth to help regulate the baby’s microbiota.  That’s profound!!  You can help your baby synthesize vitamins and amino acids, regulate immune function, have smoother transitions between emotional states, and get a balanced healthy start just by taking probiotics during pregnancy.  After pregnancy, breast milk takes over the important function of populating the baby’s microbiota with everything it needs.

What Matters

  • Take probiotics throughout pregnancy to help keep your body hostile to “bad” bacteria and to strengthen the integrity of your tissue (muscles and skin included), especially uterine tissue like the cervix (and to boost your immune system, keep your mood even, etc., etc., and etc.!)
  • If you are planning a VBAC this winds up mattering a lot. Infections like candida and GBS can wear down the tissue that you are relying on to keep the scarred area strong and healthy.  Take a full dose of 4 probiotic capsules per day for your entire pregnancy.  I have supported an extremely high percentage of VBACing moms in my practice and this statement is NOT a judgment about your scar.  It is part of a recipe that will contribute to your overall success.  Check out this article for more ideas from the VBAC playbook or contact me to discuss further.
  • Have a vaginal, antibiotic free birth for maximum exposure to lactobacilli
  • Ask your provider ahead of time about swabbing your vaginal tract during labor prior to any antibiotics if you need them for any reason (including a planned or unplanned cesarean birth)
  • Regardless of how you deliver your baby, spend time skin to skin with her or him. Allow them to touch your breasts and arm pits with their hands.  You have lactobacilli on your skin that they will benefit from
  • Breastmilk feeds babies and promotes the growth of healthy bacteria in baby’s own microbiota, boosting their immune system and setting them up for good health
  • Babies born to a mom who had to take antibiotics or who were born by cesarean or who drink formula exclusively or as a supplement can all be given oral probiotics. They are available with a dropper or can be mixed into breast milk or formula and given through a bottle or made into a paste (just break open a capsule and add one drop of water at a time, mixing with your finger) and applied to mom’s nipples which is both soothing and healthy for the breast

Some disclaimers and information of note

  • The recommendations in this article are not designed to cheat a test but to actually improve the health of the mother, the integrity of the cervix, and the health of the placenta, fetus and newborn
  • Taking probiotics is not a guarantee of avoiding GBS or other complications related to imbalanced or missing gut flora. Talk with your provider about nutritional measures you can take to support your over-all health.  No amount of probiotics or exercise can undo the effects of a diet high in sugar and processed foods
  • Do get tested between 35 and 37 weeks for GBS. If you still test positive after a sustained period of time taking probiotics, eating a diet low in processed sugars and carbs, and rich in food that looks like it was alive, the colonization is highly likely to be one that needs antibiotic treatment. A pregnant woman who tests positive for group B strep bacteria and gets antibiotics during labor has only a 1 in 4,000 chance of delivering a baby with group B strep disease. If a pregnant woman who tests positive for group B strep bacteria does not get antibiotics at the time of labor, her baby has a 1 in 200 chance of developing group B strep disease.
  • If GBS is found in your Urine during pregnancy, antibiotics can eliminate or greatly reduce the high colonization. Take probiotics at the same time as you take antibiotics and for the rest of your pregnancy.  The CDC recommends that anyone with GBS in their urine at any point during their pregnancy receive antibiotics during labor
  • Please discuss this information with your provider and work together to find a solution that is right for you. If your provider does not have time to discuss this or other preventative measures with you, there are plenty that will and I highly recommend you shop for the one who will serve you best


You can see the source for these infographics and get an up-close view by clicking here

Share your thoughts on preventative health care during pregnancy and your comments and questions below!

Additional Resources

Microbiota/Microbiome and Pregnancy/Birth/Breastfeeding





Preterm Birth


Group B Strep Disease


GBS Infographics

Read the Short-winded blog post

Read the full article

Read The Notes

microbiome changes of pregnancy

PMC full text:Front Microbiol. 2016; 7: 1031. Published online 2016 Jul 14. doi:  10.3389/ fmicb.2016.01031

microbiome changes at birth and feeding

PMC full text:Front Microbiol. 2016; 7: 1031. Published online 2016 Jul 14. doi:  10.3389/ fmicb.2016.01031